CVM201 Super Bee™ Convection



CVM201 Super Bee is InstruTech’s convection enhanced Pirani vacuum gauge module with a built-in controller and OLED display.  It also provides analog outputs, process control relays and RS232/RS485 serial communications.

The pressure measurement range of the CVM201 is 1.00E-04 to 1,000 Torr.

CVM201 is available with various fittings including 1/8 in. NPT male, 1/2 in. O.D. Tube (O-ring compression), NW16KF, NW25KF, NW40KF, 1/4 in. Cajon 4VCR, 1/2 in. Cajon 8VCR,   1 1/3 in. Mini-Conflat and 2 3/4 in. Conflat.


  • Wide measurement range of 1.00E-04 to 1,000 Torr
  • Built-in controller with bright OLED digital display
  • User programmable display units in Torr/mTorr, bar/mbar, Pa
  • 2 analog outputs and 2 setpoint relays
  • RS232 / RS485 serial communications
  • Also a Lower cost, plug-compatible direct drop-in replacement for the Granville-Phillips® Mini-Convectron®
  • CE and RoHS compliant
  • Standard warranty of 2 years


What is the principle of operation?

A convection enhanced Pirani vacuum gauge is a thermal conductivity gauge which measures pressure by sensing the loss of heat from a sensor wire to the surrounding gases. There are several physical effects that remove heat from the sensor. First, heat is removed from the sensor wire through the ends of the wire suspended in the vacuum region by the relatively large mass of the supports that attach the wire to the hermetically sealed electrical connections. Second, heat is removed from the suspended wire via conduction to the gas inside the transducer volume. Heat is also lost from the sensor by thermal radiation. Finally, for the convection enhanced Pirani-type transducer, heat transfer from the sensor is aided by convection currents of the gas at higher pressures inside the transducer volume.

The convection enhanced Pirani gauge operates by maintaining a sensor wire at some constant temperature, and measuring the power required to maintain that temperature. If convection currents, gas conduction, thermal radiation and end-loss heat transfer characteristics are constant, a constant power level delivered to the sensor wire will keep the wire at a constant temperature. If any of the physical effects change, the wire temperature will change. For example if the gas density and pressure around the wire is decreased, the wire will get hotter. If the gas density and pressure around the wire is increased, the wire will be cooled. By monitoring the amount of power required to the keep the sensor wire at a constant temperature, the pressure of the gas can be determined.

What is the measurement range of the CVM201?

  • 1.00E-04 to 1,000 Torr
  • 1.30E-04 to 1,333 mbar
  • 1.30E-02 Pa to 133 kPa

Why is the CVM201 referred to as a “Module”?

Module is a complete vacuum gauge which combines the sensor and electronics (controller) in one assembly requiring no external controller to operate. The CVM201 is a vacuum gauge module with a built-in controller, display and it also provides process control signals.

What is the difference between a Convection Enhanced Pirani and a conventional Pirani gauge?

They are both considered thermal conductivity gauges. The convection gauge however utilizes the effect of heat-loss aided by convection cooling to extend the useful measurement range beyond that of the conventional Pirani transducer. Most Pirani vacuum gauge transducers have a useful measurement range of about 1.00E-04 to 1 or 2 torr. Convection Enhanced Pirani-type gauge such as the CVM201 extends the measurement range from 1.00E-04 to 1000 torr.

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